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Although originally just a user-interface, or "shell," sitting on top of MS-DOS, Windows took on more operating-system functionality over time. In 1995, Microsoft introduced a software package called Windows 95, which announced itself as the first operating system for Intel-compatible PCs that exhibited the same sort of integrated features as the Mac OS running PCs manufactured by Apple Computer, Inc. Windows 95 enjoyed unprecedented popularity with consumers, and in June 1998, Microsoft released its successor, Windows 98. Microsoft is the leading supplier of operating systems for PCs.
The company transacts business in all fifty of the United States and in most countries around the world. Microsoft licenses copies of its software programs directly to consumers.
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FINDINGS OF FACT These consolidated civil antitrust actions alleging violations of the Sherman Act, Â§Â§ 1 and 2, and various state statutes by the defendant Microsoft Corporation, were tried to the Court, sitting without a jury, between October 19, 1998, and June 24, 1999. 52(a), the Court finds the following facts to have been proved by a preponderance of the evidence. A "personal computer" ("PC") is a digital information processing device designed for use by one person at a time.
Most Web pages are in the form of "hypertext"; that is, they contain annotated references, or "hyperlinks," to other Web pages.
These resources are typically provided in the form of hypertext documents, commonly referred to as "Web pages," that may incorporate any combination of text, graphics, audio and video content, software programs, and other data.
Because it supports applications while interacting more closely with the PC system's hardware, the operating system is said to serve as a "platform." 3.
An Intel-compatible PC is one designed to function with Intel's 80x86/Pentium families of microprocessors or with compatible microprocessors manufactured by Intel or by other firms. An operating system designed to run on an Intel-compatible PC will not function on a non-Intel-compatible PC, nor will an operating system designed for a non-Intel-compatible PC function on an Intel-compatible one.
The applications relying largely on middleware APIs would potentially be relatively easy to port from one operating system to another.
The applications relying exclusively on middleware APIs would run, as written, on any operating system hosting the requisite middleware.