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The example for year 1995 gives the Julian Easter Sunday date of April 10, and Table F shows that we need to add 13 days to convert it to the Gregorian calendar date of April 23.
This date is the Gregorian calendar Orthodox Easter Sunday date for year 1995 A. Other examples: Year 1994: Step 1: PFM=A17, Step 2: 1 0 5 = 6, Step 3: A17 1=Julian April 18, 1994, Step 4: Julian A18 13 = Gregorian May 1, 1994 Year 2870: Step 1: PFM=M25, Step 2: 6 5 3 = 14, Step 3: M25 7=Julian April 1, 2870, Step 4: Julian A1 19 = Gregorian April 20, 2870 INDEX Here is an algorithm written in BASIC to calculate the Gregorian Easter Sunday date for years 1583 to 4099 (Western churches only).
Orthodox churches became fully autonomous in 1054 A.
D., and celebrate their Easter always on the basis of the Julian calendar and the "19 PFM dates" table.
To determine the Orthodox Easter Sunday date, it is first necessary to find the Julian Easter Sunday date, then to add the number of days which have been "skipped" in the Gregorian calendar.
See Finding Orthodox Easter Sunday Dates with a Calculator for a simple explanation of this procedure.
Some typical questions about Easter are: Q1) "When was Easter Sunday last on April 10?
Easter Day was celebrated either: (a) on or just after the first day of the Jewish Passover (no matter on which day of the week that Easter Day occurred), or (b) on a Sunday close to or on the first Passover Day. Precise information on this subject can be found on pages 415 to 425 of the Explanatory Supplement to the 1961 Astronomical Ephemeris.
It became defined as the Sunday following the Paschal Full Moon date for the year, using a simple "19 PFM dates" table.
INDEX This procedure is a dramatic and accurate simplification of the official procedure used to calculate Easter Sunday dates, as described in Christian Prayer Books. It requires just one division on a calculator, and three simple additions.
Paschal Full Moon dates are copied directly from these Books. This procedure appears more compactly in the 1988 Australian Almanac (titled "The Dating of Easter") held in the Canberra Library, Australia.